Ask some of the greatest entrepreneurs of today or some of the biggest brands of the world about employees and they all would have one unanimous voice that employees are their biggest assets. It is a fact that people power drives a brand northward. At present many companies offer their employees different benefits and incentives when it comes to employee care. Having said that, there are firms who might not be as concerned about employee rights and might not even follow the rules and regulation around employee hiring, retention, termination or more. But, not all of us are aware of our rights. So, let us take a quick glance through five of the most important rights an employee should be aware off.
1. Minimum Wages Act – All of us might just not be aware of the minimum wages act that is applicable to employees of different categories in India including unskilled and skilled ones and varies across the country. The wage deciding factors are region, type of work, working hours, cost of living and the employer capacity to pay. You can get detailed information by checking the employee wages act.
2. Sexual Harassment Protection – We are not new to sexual harassment cases that have time and again become topics of discussion. For those who are not aware, there is already a sexual harassment act in place for women for prevention, prohibition and redressal brought into effect since 2013. It is a punishable offense and carries imprisonment of upto 3 year and might include fine too. The offenses listed under it include Passing Sexual comments, showing porn, demanding sexual favors, physical advances or contact and other verbal, non verbal or physical and unwelcome conduct or sexual nature.
3. Public Holiday List – The government of India has declared Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti as the mandatory three national holidays. For any working on this day, prior permission from authorities needs to be taken. The employer needs to provide a compensatory leave or double wages to the employee if made to work on these days.
4. Pregnancy & Parental Leave – Maternity leave is available to all female employees undergoing pregnancy. It is recently increase from 12 weeks to 26 weeks. You may avail the 8 weeks as pre-natal as well. This facility is available to women getting pregnant naturally, through surrogacy or even women opting for adoption. The leave days do vary though depending upon the type of maternity. As for paternal leave, there is no legal obligation and is solely the decision of the employer.
5. Probation rights – The probation period for an employee is kept as 6 months. It could be extended to 3 months more as well but cannot extend more than 2 years. Employers can terminate the employee if the work is found unsatisfactory. In cases otherwise the employee has the right to request an enquiry into the matter of termination.
There are many more laws for employees and its always advisable that you are aware of all of them, so that when the need be you know what your rights are and can use them to the optimum.