Marriage, Divorce and Name Change in India

While marriage is an auspicious and life changing event in one’s life, divorce is also life changing but heartbreaking. India is one country where most of the females change their surnames to that of their spouses post marriage. They even change it in their identity document like Voters ID, Pan card, Aadhar Card and more. Though, it is not mandatory to do so for a female and is done as a gesture of companionship, doing it and undoing it post a divorce is a matter of choice and involves a systematic legal procedure. Here is a sneak peek into the procedure to change name post a marriage and a divorce.

Name Change in India

Post Marriage
As a proof of your marriage you need to submit the marriage certificate along with the application to state government gazette office. You can get the form from the office or the online website of State government. It is chargeable and post verification of the proof attached, your name change appears in the published gazette. Copies of the same are couriered to you and you may use them as a legal proof. You also have to publish the name change news in the local newspapers, English and local language preferably.

Post Divorce
Post divorce if you want to retain your earlier identity, you will have to apply for the same with a divorce order copy.

Name Change
In India there is freedom of having any name of your choice and changing it while following legal procedures. You can not only change your name, surname, but a female can use two surnames as well one her maternal and one post marriage together as well. Furthermore, you can even change the surname of your child post divorce unless your husband approves of it.

Having said that, due care has to be taken to ensure the name change is applicable in all the legal and official documents.

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