You Don’t Need to Carry A Physical Licence Henceforth

When you are on the roads and driving be it a four wheeler or a two wheeler some of the few things you need to keep with you include the driving license, Vehicle registration certificate and the pollution control certificate. While it is allowed to carry a copy of the same, it is quite a hassle and many of us opt to carry the original. This kind of leads to a risk losing the original document or card.

As per India Today, the Union ministry of Road Transport and highways has amended the Central Motor Vehicle Act of 1989 allowing people to carry the relevant documents in digital format. As per the new amendment, a vehicle owner does not require to carry documents like driving license, document of pollution under check, registration certificate (RC), fitness and permit etc., in their physical format. They can use the digital format form as well and show it to the concerned authorities on their screen.

Digilocker

This service comes under the digital India initiative thus enabling people to store official documents on the cloud with the help of a central government operated app called the Digilocker. The app can be easily downloaded from the App store or Google play store. There is a validation process of the documents that you store but it is simple and easy because the validating authorities are the same authorities who have issued the documents. This does also mean that showing scanned copies of documents is not permitted by the law and that it’s only possible for people having smartphones.

The initiative is a part of the promoting a paperless governance and is definitely going to ease a lot of hassle that it causes to people in terms of carrying physical documents with constant threats around accidental damage, burglary, losing or misplacing the documents which could further lead to a lot of tedious procedures.

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This initiative of digitizing India is definitely a forward thinking strategy and amendment of the existing law only brings forth the fact that with times the laws also need to change in order for a country to progress. Change is the only constant and we as country not only need to anticipate it but also initiate it.

 

*Sourced from the internet

Stringent Implementation of Cyber Laws in India – The Need of the Hour

Cyber laws deal with cybercrime viz. the relationship of the internet with electronic and technological elements like computers, hardware, software, and related information’s systems. The law is devised to control and stop cyber crimes like online frauds and scams, hacking, computer system attacks, identity thefts, prohibited or illegal content. Cybercrime can not only cause financial issues but also upset victims extremely on a mental level. There are two types of cyber crimes one is with the computer as a target and the other using the computer as a weapon. Cyber laws include copyright, defamation, freedom of Speech as well as harassment and stalking, contracts and employment, trade secrets and more.

Here are a few examples of cyber crimes in India.
For example, Google and other online search engines spend a great deal of time developing algorithms for search results. They also spend a lot of time and resource on developing maps, intelligent assistance and more. Cyber laws help these companies protect their trade secrets and take legal action with the help of cyber lawyers against cybercrime.

Online eCommerce scams are not new. There are many cases coming to light where people ask for transferring an amount of money against the transfer fee for winning a big lottery amount. Many people fall prey to the high lottery prizes and transfer. Once the money is transferred by the victim, they receive nothing. Now, you can take help of the cyber law to trace such frauds. In 2012 a 32-year-old man was arrested by the Cyber cell for duping a student from Kandivali for Rs 1.2 lacs through a lottery scam. The Mumbai cyber cell cracked this scam.

There have been many instances popping out in the media about leakage of personal Aadhar card details and more. It’s not that India does not have any cyber law. The law is very much there and comes under the Information technology Act, 2000 or IT act as they call it. Though the internet has brought forth a lot of complex legal issues while the existing laws could be old school. The notorious cyber hackers hence try to tweak these laws taking disadvantage of the glitches and use it to their own benefit. Even today with millions of Internet users in India, don’t have an email ID that is considered to be a legal email ID. There is not legalization done for email IDS even today as there is no law to do so. As the times are changing rapidly and the country is digitizing, enabling of a legal support substructure to fit the current times is absolutely necessary.

The rate at which Cyber-crimes are increasing in India, it is high time that stringent cyber laws are brought into effect to control the further rise and even the existing rate of Cyber-crimes like online frauds, scams, hacks and more.

 

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*Sourced from the Internet

Filing A Complaint Against Dowry in India is Easy Now

Though Dowry cases have reduced considerably thanks to the awareness initiatives and legal reforms in India, this dreadful system is not totally eliminated as yet. It is still prevalent in many regions of rural as well as urban India. The prevalence of this custom has led to thousands of homicides as well as suicides in India, sadly so. As per statistics India tops the list of dowry related cases and around 30,000 dowry cases were officially reported in the year 2013-14. This is a huge number and speaks the torment of the women in India due to dowry. There have been almost 10 K cases of suicidal deaths due to dowry harassment as well as reported by the National Crime Records Bureau besides almost 4000 harassment cases by husband and in-laws for dowry were filed by the year 2015.

Filing A Complaint Against Dowry in India

Many of us are aware of the dowry prohibition act that was brought into effect in the year 1961. Under this act of IPC section 498 (A) – taking, giving or abetting dowry by imprisonment is a punishable offense and can cost you a fine of upto five thousand bucks or six months of jail. A woman has to raise her voice without fear of any sort and file a case so that the government and the law can help her out. The government has over the years simplified the case filing procedures so that women can take optimum benefit of the law. As per a retired IPS officer Mr Mukherji added that a women needs to give an accurate description of what happened and present facts rather than making half-baked statements.

The government has even made provisions for women police stations so that women can comfortably go and register complains there. The first one was opened in 1992 itself in Tamilnadu. Besides every police station today is equipped with a women’s cell. Furthermore, the government has also made it mandatory for any and every police station to take complaint of a dowry related case of a women irrespective of jurisdiction. The FIR is registered under a zero number and later transferred to the relevant jurisdiction. The government has also made a provision for women to be able to complain online to the website of any NGO or website of the National Commission for Women. Online case or FIR filing facility is also already available on their official website.

Though the procedures are made simple and accessible to all, it’s the women primarily, who need to take a step for themselves when it comes to raising their voice against their own people for saving their own life. Until, they stand up for themselves, the crux is no one else will be able to help them out completely.

 

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*Sourced from the Internet

Double Death Penalty for Convict in Double Rape – Murder Case A Judgement Case Study

Hearing the case of a double rape and murder crime of December 2, 2007, Kerala high court upheld the death penalty given by the trial court to the accused name Rajendran. The district and sessions court Thodupuzha found the accused guilty of the rape and murder and hence upheld the judgment. The crime happened in the Idukki district of Kerala and was committed by two men in cold blood.  Rajendran was caught but his aide Jomon absconded after committing the crime. Both Rajendran and Jomon ravished the victims one by one before killing them in cold blood with the help of a rod and chopper.

The HC division bench included Justice C T Ravikumar and KP Kyothindranath (retired now). They did consider the Death Sentence reference but upheld it. Rajendran had filed an appeal on the judgment of the trial court dated October 31. Though there was no eye-witness of the crime, testimonies did indicate the presence of the accused near the house of the victim on the day of the crime. Furthermore, the forensic evidence that include samples of hair, nail clipping as well as seminal stains made the doubt pretty clear about the involvement of the accused in the crime.

The High court confirmed the death penalty while saying “ the commission of murder was intentional, cold blooded and brutal and it was committed after ravishing two hapless women, mother and daughter duo in a ruthless manner from the same room”. The court also noted the fact that one of the victims of was the mother of a 7 month old child and observed “ The manner in which the offences were execute, in the circumstances explained herein before, we are of the firm view that they are sufficient to make the commission of the crime uncommon and at the same time tend us to believe firmly that imposition of the sentence of the imprisonment for life of the appellant would be inadequate”.

The court also stated that there was no mitigating circumstance that was in any way favourable and hinting to a possible innocence of the accused and that the appellant was a father of a child and a husband could not be considered as an extenuating factor. Even his age of 42 years could not be considered as the accused was now 53. Therefore, under the guidelines of the “rarest of the rare cases”, the High Court dismissed the appeal and confirmed the death penalty.

 

*Sourced from the Internet