Crime and Its Concepts – A short Description

Before talking about the concepts of crime, lets just define crime first. Crime by definition means an act that is capable of being followed by criminal proceedings. Sir William Blackstone defines crime in two ways. One, as an act committed or omitted in violation of public law commanding or forbidding it. Though the definition is limited in the sense that it is only applicable to bulk of criminal law segment that covers political offenses and was modified later. Though the definition of concept of crimes showcases traceable difficulties with respect to the concept, it can still be defined or rather can make sense based on four different frame works.

concepts of crime

Social construction is one of them. As culture varies across the length and breadth of the country, it is difficult to create a standard definition of crime as it could vary from culture to culture.

Religious authority is another. Now, there is this huge conflict across religions when it comes to considering something as crime. While it may be a crime in one religion, it may not be in another. Example – women in middle east are not allowed to drive as per the Sharia law of Saudi Arabia. It is considered to be a crime even today, however absurd it may sound in other part of the world. Another example is honor killings and domestic violence which is allowed in certain religions while in certain it is considered as crime as per the basic state law.

Another example is holocaust of Germany wherein Hitler in Nazi Germany ordered a systematic slaughter of the Jewish race, which was not considered a crime then. But today when reviewed, the holocaust is known to be the greatest crime in history of Germany. Even when the trial was carried out only a few officers that were closed associated were held responsible. As for others they were not held responsible as they were only following orders of their seniors and did not commit crimes willingly. This again throws light on the definition of crime and its affects on not only the situation but people involved in the situation.

Thus, as we may see based on the four frameworks explained above including the examples of holocaust, Saudi Sharia law, domestic abuse and honor killings, it can be understood that the definition varies as per time and the ever changing needs of the society. There are more example which can prove that crime as an act is not the same everywhere. For example liquor sale and consumption is a crime in Gujarat but in many other states of India it is not.

Thus, we can clearly see that the definition and concept of crime ranges from individual and personal to historical and social circumstances and hence it is difficult to have one single definition for it.

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Legal Education In India – 7 Interesting Law Specializations

Legal Education in India

Law definitely offers a promising career with influx of opportunities due to globalization in the law sector. Besides, opportunities from private sectors are opening doors for law professionals to work with corporate houses, real estate companies, film industry, healthcare and more. After graduation though, there comes this dilemma of choosing a specialization for masters. It is always advisable to have a masters degree at least these days, when the competition levels are extremely high. A doctorate in law would definitely put you into another class altogether, but that isn’t a cake walk anyways. Law offers many different subjects to choose from as specialization. Here is run down the few specializations that offer lucrative career prospects in Law.

CIVIL LAW – This subject deals with the major areas of litigation that include damage suits, gaurdian disputes, deeds, wills, individual rights and disputes and more. This specializations come with immense scope for private practice more so, though it also offers good job opportunities with government and private bodies.

CORPORATE LAW – This is presently, one of the most sought after specializations in India that offers opportunities to work or consult corporate giants around contracts, ordinances, privileges and more.

PROPERTY AND ESTATE LAW – With realty business in boom, the demand for real estate lawyers is also on the higher side. Property and real estate laws includes sale deeds, property mortgage and lease issues, property titles, property conveyance, to name a few. You get to work with real estate companies as their employee or legal adviser.

INTELLECTUAL AND PATENT LAW – This area of specialization is gaining popularity more so with globalization winds making their way through this sector. Companies and brands are putting in their efforts to protect their products using the patent and intellectual property rights law. This law deals into trademarks, copyrights and more.

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS LAW – This specialization also has a good career-scope in the private sector, corporate houses nationally and international opportunities as well. It deals with laws related to international business and trade. This includes international trade, tax, arbitration, competition law, contracts and more.

TAX & BANKING LAW – Specialization in tax and banking is a good idea as well with banking, finance and corporate companies hiring specialists in the area for dealing with their finance and tax matters.

CRIMINAL LAW – If you are up for a challenging, exciting and thrilling career then criminal law is the specialization for you. A roller coaster ride when it comes to work, it deals into interacting and interrogating the accused, witnesses, working around forensic reports, post-mortem reports, things found at the scene relating to the crime and more. You may go for private practice or work as a public prosecutor. Criminal law pays well but might be taxing for some.

Well, there are more additions to the list of specializations available in the legal education sector in India, though you need to choose the one that interests you the most and is lucrative as well so that you can carve out a skyrocketing career graph for yourself.

KLE Law college offers law specialization courses. It’s one of the top law schools in India.