Recently, the NDA government led by Rahul Gandhi as well as the YSR congress moved no confidence motions against the reigning BJP led government. Well, the results went in favor of the reigning government but for those are not aware of what a non-confidence motion in India means, here’s a sneak peek into the same.
No Confidence Motion
As per the Indian constitution, a government can only function if it has majority support of the Lok Sabha members. If there is a non-confidence motion against a reigning party, they have to prove their majority to stay in power, failing which they have to resign. Any member of the Lok Sabha who feels that the reigning party does not possess the support of the majority, can move a non- confidence motion against the ruling party. Reason for moving the motion is not required.
The Procedure of No Confidence Motion
As mentioned before any member of the Lok Sabha can initiate a non-confidence motion. The procedure is specified in the rule 198 of the Rules of Procedure and conduct of the Lok Sabha and involves a written notice of motion to be given to the speaker/ Secretary General of the house before 10 am. The speaker then reads it out to the members. It has to be accepted by a minimum of 50 members of the house. The speaker then specifies a date within a period of 10 days from the acceptance of the motion, for discussion on the same. A time for voting is specified on the last day of the discussion of the motion and the voting procedure is taken up using Division of vote, voice vote or other means. If the specified date is not within 10 days, then the motion is termed as failed and the member who moves the motion is informed about it. Also, if the government in power is not able to prove its majority in the house, the reigning government has to resign. Alternatively, the Prime minister can move the ‘Confidence Motion’ to prove strength in the Lok Sabha as well.
As mentioned earlier, the recent no confidence motion was won by the reigning government with a majority of 325 votes against 126 of NDA. The majority minimum was 226 because 451 MPs were present and the reigning BJP government easily surpassed it with its numbers. This non confidence motion against the Narendra Modi led government has come after 15 long years. The earlier was passed way back in 2003 against the same party’s representative Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
*Source from the Internet