Law College Admissions 2019 – KLE Law College Bangalore

Gone are the times when pursuing a career in law was a legacy affair. Today, law has opened up umpteen avenues and hence students are quite willing to foray into law as a career choice after 12th. These days there are a lot of opportunities in giant corporate houses knocking doors. It has also increased the influx in admission in law courses. Moreover there are colleges that offer integrated courses in law, viz. the benefit of two degrees under one single course. For example BA LLB BCOM LLB BBA LLB. These are 5 year integrated courses that offer undergraduate degrees in Arts, Commerce and Business alongside a degree in Law as well. It also includes an internship program of 20 weeks

Thus multiplying the opportunities as well as scope of work.

To get yourself a seat in a law colleges you need to crack the codes called LSAT and CLAT. After you clear the entrance is when you are eligible for a Law seat as per your scores in a law college. All the government and state based colleges organize these entrance exams.

Selecting a good college with state of the art infrastructure is a preliminary and important task. There are many colleges in India and Karnataka that offer courses in Law. But, do check for the infrastructure of the college, the amenities and facilities, the ranking on a national and state level basis as well as the placement assistance they offer. It’s always a good idea to short list and try and visit the colleges personally to check them out yourself rather than relying on a word of mouth. For people looking to study away from their natives, need to also look at commuting and residence provisions. Also, take into account the needs of the future as in what is your ultimate goal viz if you are going to look for a job after the course or opt for higher education in India or abroad. While deciding or narrowing down upon the college keep these points in mind.

Ultimately, before you choose law as a career make sure that you are really passionate about it and not taking it up under any kind of influence or pressure because you can only excel in your career or a field you choose, only if you are really passionate about it.

KLE Law College Admissions 2019-2020, for Online Registration  ,

Admission Enquiry

Direct Contact –
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Article 370 – All You Need To Know

The article 370 has given the status of an autonomous state to Jammu and Kashmir. The article has been drafter under the part XXI of the Constitution that states Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions. This article was worked out in the year 1947, between Sheikh Abdullah, appointed then as the prime minister of J&K by Nehru as well as the Maharaja. He kept the Kashmir portfolio to himself. Sheikh Abdullah was driven by the desire to become the king and his hatred for the maharaja then persuaded Nehru to provide Special status and even Mountbatten was the one to pursue Nehru to take the issue to UN.

article 370

The article has the following provisions –

  • The provision grants special autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir
  • The provisions of article 238 that got omitted in 1956 from the constitution are not applicable to Jammu & Kashmir.
  • Even B R Ambekar who was the man behind drafting the constitution refused to draft article 370 and was done by Gopalswami Ayaangar, a minister without portfolio and x Diwan of Hari Singh, kind of Kashmir, eventually
  • The article 370 has been drafted under temporary and transitional provisions of the Amendment section of part XXI, section
  • The article 370 does not allow and increase or decrease in the borders of the state

It is known to be the biggest impediment in integrating J&K with Indian Union. The Veto power on laws lies with the Jammu & Kashmir Authority even if the Government makes laws with the state government. A J&K can have two citizenships, one of J&K and one of India. This privilege is not given to Indian citizens otherwise. An outsider is not allowed to buy any property in J & K state and the defection law is also not applicable to this state. Other laws like intermarriage with other state person, Urban Land Ceiling, Wealth tax and Gift Tax aren’t operating in J&K state. J&K has the power to refuse use of land of defense cantonments or allocation of land for defense purposes.

Apparently, article 370 is a temporary provision and can be abrogated. The topic has been a hot topic for debate in India after the Pulwana terror attack that killed over 40 Indian Soldiers.

 

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Hindu Marriage Act 1995 – An Insight

The Hindu Marriage act has been created with the intention to secure the rights of the bride and groom who are Hindu by religion and are tied into a sacred bond through marriage ceremony. Though there is not definition for the ceremony as such. The act is applicable for people of Hindu, Sikh, Jain and Buddhist religions.

The components of the Hindu marriage law are spread across different sections of the act. Here’s a run-down some of the common and important sections under the Hindu marriage law 1955.

Hindu Marriage Act 1995

Section 5 of the Hindu Marriage act, 1955 – The marriage is considered lawful if the bride is 18 years or above and the groom is 21 years or above at the time of the marriage.
Section 6 of the Hindu Marriage act, 1955 – This sections has the provision for legitimacy of children born out of this alliance and can be later declared as void or voidable.
Section 8 of the Hindu marriage act, 1955 – The marriage can be registered under this act.
Section 9 of the Hindu Marriage act, 1955 – This has the provision for restitution of the conjugal rights of a husband as well as a wife who are bound together under the act.
Section 15 of the Hindu marriage act, 1955 – This act says that once divorced both of them are eligible to remarry.
Section 24 of the Hindu marriage act, 1955 – This act has the provision for maintenance pendent lite as well as for expenses of the divorce proceedings.
Section 25 of the Hindu marriage act, 1955 – The section 25 of the Hindu Marriage act is for provision of maintenance pendant lite as well as for the legal divorce proceedings expenditure.
Section 26 of the Hindu marriage act, 1955 – The section is about custody, maintenance as well as education of minor children during as well as after legal proceedings of divorce.

The Hindu marriage act is a provision made by the government of India to keep the sanctity of marriage in place and not let anyone take any undue disadvantage of the pious institution.

 

Here’s your chance to join the 4th Best Law College* in South India 

 

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Environmental Law As a Career – An Overview

Many of us might not be aware but environmental law is one of the careers in law that is being considered as a lucrative career. This law deals with laws and issues around green initiatives, waste management, sustainability strategies, bio-diversity, hazardous waste and alternative energy resources. Today sustainability has become a priority across the world and hence the world is in need of lawyers who can be the torch bearers as far as advice around green standards and sustainability issues are concerned. As the needs of corporate houses grow in terms of legal work needs around environmental legislation.

Environmental Law

The work of the environmental lawyer involves working around the laws of the environment and legislation and the interests of the environment as well. The issues around the environment include responsibility, stewardship, ecology, sustainability can result in taking a legal course which might in turn require you to have an environmental lawyer. The role of an environmental lawyer involves in representation their clients around environment issues, helping them devise the environmental policies and write as well as orient their clients about environmental law.

Environmental law is in demand overseas as well and the salary offered is also quite handsome. In India, Environmental law is not as popular right now. The branch that deals with environmental law in India is called regulatory branch or branch of environmental legislation. These branches are high capable of understanding technical material including scientific literature, raw data as well as precedent cases in order to scrutinize the legal situations affecting the environment in one way or the other.

Their job role involves decision making on matters like prosecution of environmental offenders. Representation of a corporate house, a corporation, government or business entity at pre-trial negotiations as well as discovery sessions, to name a few.

There are various institutions across the globe that offer degree in environmental law. A rule of the thumb is that if you are passionate about environment then go for this degree more than relying on the statistics of whether it is lucrative or not, and you will definitely excel.

 

law colleges in Bangalore

 

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Stringent Implementation of Cyber Laws in India – The Need of the Hour

Cyber laws deal with cybercrime viz. the relationship of the internet with electronic and technological elements like computers, hardware, software, and related information’s systems. The law is devised to control and stop cyber crimes like online frauds and scams, hacking, computer system attacks, identity thefts, prohibited or illegal content. Cybercrime can not only cause financial issues but also upset victims extremely on a mental level. There are two types of cyber crimes one is with the computer as a target and the other using the computer as a weapon. Cyber laws include copyright, defamation, freedom of Speech as well as harassment and stalking, contracts and employment, trade secrets and more.

Here are a few examples of cyber crimes in India.
For example, Google and other online search engines spend a great deal of time developing algorithms for search results. They also spend a lot of time and resource on developing maps, intelligent assistance and more. Cyber laws help these companies protect their trade secrets and take legal action with the help of cyber lawyers against cybercrime.

Online eCommerce scams are not new. There are many cases coming to light where people ask for transferring an amount of money against the transfer fee for winning a big lottery amount. Many people fall prey to the high lottery prizes and transfer. Once the money is transferred by the victim, they receive nothing. Now, you can take help of the cyber law to trace such frauds. In 2012 a 32-year-old man was arrested by the Cyber cell for duping a student from Kandivali for Rs 1.2 lacs through a lottery scam. The Mumbai cyber cell cracked this scam.

There have been many instances popping out in the media about leakage of personal Aadhar card details and more. It’s not that India does not have any cyber law. The law is very much there and comes under the Information technology Act, 2000 or IT act as they call it. Though the internet has brought forth a lot of complex legal issues while the existing laws could be old school. The notorious cyber hackers hence try to tweak these laws taking disadvantage of the glitches and use it to their own benefit. Even today with millions of Internet users in India, don’t have an email ID that is considered to be a legal email ID. There is not legalization done for email IDS even today as there is no law to do so. As the times are changing rapidly and the country is digitizing, enabling of a legal support substructure to fit the current times is absolutely necessary.

The rate at which Cyber-crimes are increasing in India, it is high time that stringent cyber laws are brought into effect to control the further rise and even the existing rate of Cyber-crimes like online frauds, scams, hacks and more.

 

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Received a Fake Product From an Online Shopping Website – Here’s What You Need To Do

Many of you might have come across incidences wherein, people have received stones, bricks and more instead of the expensive products they purchased. There was this case that came into light about a customer from Ghaziabad buying an expensive phone worth over 45K from an online site and getting stones in the box. But, he was smart enough to cover the box opening procedure on his phone video camera. He simply posted this video on the micro-blogging site and was lucky enough to receive a full refund with 4 days.

But, such incidences leave very bad impressions about online transactions or purchases. People turn reluctant to make purchases of higher costs as well. Many times the product is damaged as well or even fake. The reason being that some eCommerce sites only tend to be a selling platform where umpteen buyers sell products.

So, what’s the action plan if you fall prey to this online fraud, which could be due to a fake website purchase, or a fake seller on a genuine website or a notorious courier company.

Here’s a look through some preventive measures that can primarily help you keep such frauds at bay.

Check the site URL – The URL of the site is the first thing you need to check when you visit the site. A secure site will always have HTTPS with a lock icon. A non-secure site will have HTTP.

Check for customer reviews – The customer reviews and rating of the seller together will give you a fair idea of the quality of the products and service of the seller.

Check the payment gateway – Do check if the payment gateway used for payment through credit card or debit card or net banking is secure enough.

Now, in times when you fail prey to frauds, fake or damaged products, this is what you could do to get out of the mess.

If you get a fake product – If you get a fake product, primarily, click the images of the product and contact customer support of the website through email and give every relevant detail pertaining to the product. Wait for the customer support to get back to you. They might ask you to return the product and refund you the money or suggest a replacement.

Incase, the site does not agree to refund or replace you may take the next step, viz. legal action.

Reach out to the Consumer Court – You may file a complaint to the consumer court with the details. You might have to hire a consumer lawyer for the same and fight the case. You can claim the complete compensation from the seller.

File a case – You could either send a legal notice to the seller with regard to the fake product after consulting a consumer lawyer or file a case of infringement via a copyright lawyer.

Whichever legal step you take and proceed to be sure to consult a consumer lawyer and then go ahead. Make certainly give the best results.

Just know about Top Law School in India

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Working with Law Firms – What you See vs what you Get

Most law graduates dream of getting placed in one of the top law firms in India for various reasons, the main being a big fat pay cheque. It is a big opportunity which enables you to work with big fishes like business tycoons, celebrities in the country and at times get media attention too. You get to have skyrocketing career and with that an elite lifestyle. On the flip side such law firms spread across the country come out with not more than 200 openings against the thousands that graduate every year from law firms. Furthermore, most of the jobs either go to the toppers from the best universities or relatives with contacts. So at the end of the day the idea of landing a high paying job in the top law firms in India is just like a mirage in the desert.

Top Law Firms in India

Reality Check
While students are curious and excited to work on big projects, with celebrities and head honchos in top law firms, the reality is quite different. As a beginner or an intern you don’t immediately get such big breaks. Initially it is only about doing filing work or proof reading documents or due diligence related tasks that you might land upon. Thus as a junior associate against your presumptions, what you do would be quite boring, actually.
Having said that, this is the case with most of the careers. The initial period is more of toiling. Also, as there is a lot of pressure after graduation to land a job into a top law firm and that tends to make students do stupid things.
So, are there really any pros there or only cons. Yes, off-course there are pros of getting to work with a top notch law firm and cons too. Here’s to list a few-

PROS

  • To be with the best, you need to give your best. So, here’s a place where you need to put your best to match their standards and class.
  • At such firms, you as a new graduate law students get to groom yourself, learn to dress, be on time and learn about communicating professionally which can be of great help in a later stage.
  • You get to work with the competent team and get to learn a lot about teamwork and from them as well.
  • Top law firms provide full service and hence you get a 360-degree learning experience on various fronts of law.

CONS

  • Work timings are one of the biggest cons in a law firm. There are no fixed timings and could land you home as late at past midnight. So, personal life might as well go for a toss when working with these firms.
  • Don’t always expect very well behaved seniors. Be ready for experiences where if you underperform as a young law associate, you are shown the door straight away. No wonder, attrition rates are so high in law firms.
  • Sitting for long hours in front of the computer can cause a lot of physical stress as a law firm job is a desk job.

Having said that, if you are competent enough with a willingness to work 24 x 7 then you could be the preferred one and climb the ladder of success faster in terms of roles and responsibilities as well as remuneration.

KLE Law College is one of the Top Law School in India

 

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5 Employee Rights You Should Know

5 Employee Rights

Ask some of the greatest entrepreneurs of today or some of the biggest brands of the world about employees and they all would have one unanimous voice that employees are their biggest assets. It is a fact that people power drives a brand northward. At present many companies offer their employees different benefits and incentives when it comes to employee care. Having said that, there are firms who might not be as concerned about employee rights and might not even follow the rules and regulation around employee hiring, retention, termination or more. But, not all of us are aware of our rights. So, let us take a quick glance through five of the most important rights an employee should be aware off.

1. Minimum Wages Act – All of us might just not be aware of the minimum wages act that is applicable to employees of different categories in India including unskilled and skilled ones and varies across the country. The wage deciding factors are region, type of work, working hours, cost of living and the employer capacity to pay. You can get detailed information by checking the employee wages act.

2. Sexual Harassment Protection – We are not new to sexual harassment cases that have time and again become topics of discussion. For those who are not aware, there is already a sexual harassment act in place for women for prevention, prohibition and redressal brought into effect since 2013. It is a punishable offense and carries imprisonment of upto 3 year and might include fine too. The offenses listed under it include Passing Sexual comments, showing porn, demanding sexual favors, physical advances or contact and other verbal, non verbal or physical and unwelcome conduct or sexual nature.

3. Public Holiday List – The government of India has declared Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti as the mandatory three national holidays. For any working on this day, prior permission from authorities needs to be taken. The employer needs to provide a compensatory leave or double wages to the employee if made to work on these days.

4. Pregnancy & Parental Leave

5. Probation rights – The probation period for an employee is kept as 6 months. It could be extended to 3 months more as well but cannot extend more than 2 years. Employers can terminate the employee if the work is found unsatisfactory. In cases otherwise the employee has the right to request an enquiry into the matter of termination.

There are many more laws for employees and its always advisable that you are aware of all of them, so that when the need be you know what your rights are and can use them to the optimum.

KLE Law College offering BALLBBBA LLB, BCom LLB and PG, Certificate courses

Pregnancy Termination Law For Women

Pregnancy is the herald of new birth and new life but it is not always a good news for the mother or parents. Sometimes it is unplanned or unwanted. Sometimes it is wrapped up in complications that could be life threatening. So, the Indian Government has listed out some laws related to pregnancy decisions that benefit women because they are the ones who carry the fetus for nine long months and give birth as well.

Pregnancy Termination Law For Women

Child birth is associated with many aspects be it social or financial and an unwanted pregnancy could lead to repercussions of still more serious kind. So, as per section 3(2)b(i) the law mentions these words with respect to pregnancy of a women – ‘grave injury to mental health’. A women owns her body and she has right over it. It emerges from the fundamental rights under article 21 of the Indian Constitution where a woman has every right to live with dignity in the society as a human being. She can terminate her pregnancy under the Pregnancy termination act of 1971. Hence, even a practitioner has to ensure that there is no injury possibility physically or mentally to the pregnant women when terminating the pregnancy.

Termination of pregnancy is a difficult situation for the women and could be the result of considering the growing financial requirements and limitations to sustain the needs of the new born. Also, as per the law, human rights are applicable only on birth and not before that, hence, an unborn fetus does not have the rights to take any decision and only the mother can do so as the pregnancy takes place within her.

The law also indicates the all pregnant women need to be given equal treatment even if they are prisoners. As for prisoner women, they have to be kept under observation as well even if under prison by the medical officer of the prison. Termination of pregnancy by women could be a result of a lot of reasons like working mother, complications, financial issues to name a few. A prisoner needs to be sent to the civil hospital for termination in case she wants to on an immediate basis.

Crime and Its Concepts – A short Description

Before talking about the concepts of crime, lets just define crime first. Crime by definition means an act that is capable of being followed by criminal proceedings. Sir William Blackstone defines crime in two ways. One, as an act committed or omitted in violation of public law commanding or forbidding it. Though the definition is limited in the sense that it is only applicable to bulk of criminal law segment that covers political offenses and was modified later. Though the definition of concept of crimes showcases traceable difficulties with respect to the concept, it can still be defined or rather can make sense based on four different frame works.

concepts of crime

Social construction is one of them. As culture varies across the length and breadth of the country, it is difficult to create a standard definition of crime as it could vary from culture to culture.

Religious authority is another. Now, there is this huge conflict across religions when it comes to considering something as crime. While it may be a crime in one religion, it may not be in another. Example – women in middle east are not allowed to drive as per the Sharia law of Saudi Arabia. It is considered to be a crime even today, however absurd it may sound in other part of the world. Another example is honor killings and domestic violence which is allowed in certain religions while in certain it is considered as crime as per the basic state law.

Another example is holocaust of Germany wherein Hitler in Nazi Germany ordered a systematic slaughter of the Jewish race, which was not considered a crime then. But today when reviewed, the holocaust is known to be the greatest crime in history of Germany. Even when the trial was carried out only a few officers that were closed associated were held responsible. As for others they were not held responsible as they were only following orders of their seniors and did not commit crimes willingly. This again throws light on the definition of crime and its affects on not only the situation but people involved in the situation.

Thus, as we may see based on the four frameworks explained above including the examples of holocaust, Saudi Sharia law, domestic abuse and honor killings, it can be understood that the definition varies as per time and the ever changing needs of the society. There are more example which can prove that crime as an act is not the same everywhere. For example liquor sale and consumption is a crime in Gujarat but in many other states of India it is not.

Thus, we can clearly see that the definition and concept of crime ranges from individual and personal to historical and social circumstances and hence it is difficult to have one single definition for it.

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